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Maven工程包含Spring Framework打成jar包的处理方式,使用maven-shade-plugin插件打包。包含所有的外部依赖jar包

拾柴者 技术笔记 2017-11-11 11:52:51 1775 0 Maven

配置完成后,执行mvn package即可打包。在target目录下会生成两个jar包,注意不是original-xxx.jar文件,而是另外一个。和maven-assembly-plugin一样,生成的jar文件包含了所有依赖,所以可以直接运行。

在pom.xml中配置:

<build>  
    <plugins>  
  
        <plugin>  
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>  
            <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>  
            <version>2.4.1</version>  
            <executions>  
                <execution>  
                    <phase>package</phase>  
                    <goals>  
                        <goal>shade</goal>  
                    </goals>  
                    <configuration>  
                        <transformers>  
                            <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.ManifestResourceTransformer">  
                                <mainClass>com.demo.Main</mainClass>  
                            </transformer>  
                        </transformers>  
                    </configuration>  
                </execution>  
            </executions>  
        </plugin>  
  
    </plugins>  
</build>

如果项目中用到了Spring Framework,将依赖打到一个jar包中,运行时会出现读取XML schema文件出错。原因是Spring Framework的多个jar包中包含相同的文件spring.handlers和spring.schemas,如果生成一个jar包会互相覆盖。为了避免互相影响,可以使用AppendingTransformer来对文件内容追加合并:

在pom.xml中配置:

<build>  
    <plugins>  
  
        <plugin>  
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>  
            <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>  
            <version>2.4.1</version>  
            <executions>  
                <execution>  
                    <phase>package</phase>  
                    <goals>  
                        <goal>shade</goal>  
                    </goals>  
                    <configuration>  
                        <transformers>  
                            <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.ManifestResourceTransformer">  
                                <mainClass>com.demo.Main</mainClass>  
                            </transformer>  
                            <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.AppendingTransformer">  
                                <resource>META-INF/spring.handlers</resource>  
                            </transformer>  
                            <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.AppendingTransformer">  
                                <resource>META-INF/spring.schemas</resource>  
                            </transformer>  
                        </transformers>  
                    </configuration>  
                </execution>  
            </executions>  
        </plugin>  
  
    </plugins>  
</build>

打包执行方式(也可以用命令方式打包):

1、maven clean

2、maven update project

3、maven install

打完的jar包在target里面、运行方式在cmd命令框,找到jar包所在的位置,执行 java  -jar     xxxxxxx.jar 即可执行

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